Ecology of Symphodus tinca
 
Main Ref. Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Symphodus tinca may be found.
Remarks Littoral, found near rocks mainly in eel-grass beds, sometimes in salty lagoons. Often gregarious. Nest of seaweed built and kept by male with one or more females spawning. Feeds on sea urchins, ophiuroids, bivalves, shrimps and crabs.

Substrate

Substrate : rocky;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: sea grass;
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.25 0.26 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Bell, J.D. and M.L. Harmelin-Vivien, 1983
From individual food items 3.23 0.42 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 10.23.00
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 09.28.04
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