Ecology of Clarias gariepinus
Main Ref. Teugels, G.G., 1986
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Clarias gariepinus may be found.
Remarks Frequency of occurence in Caprivi: frequently in sandy streams, abundant in standing deep water, common in shallow swamps (Ref. 37065). Described in most papers as a bottom feeder, which occasionally feeds at the surface. Feeds mainly on fish as well as on plants and zooplankton (Ref. 248).


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref de Moor, I.J. and M.N. Bruton, 1988
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Winemiller, K.O. and L.C. Kelso-Winemiller, 1996
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.76 0.38 Troph of adults from 2 studies.
Ref. Munro, J.L., 1967
From individual food items 3.50 0.70 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. on 02.15.91
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 09.13.04
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 05.10.01
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