Ecology of Anotopterus pharao
Main Ref. Kukuev, E.I., 1998
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Anotopterus pharao may be found.
Remarks Inhabits the epimesopelagical layer. Juveniles and fry observed exclusively within the central-circle current and its periphery; large adults caught mainly in boreal and subarctic waters. Feeds mainly on small and moderate-sized mesopelagic fishes; the largest Paralepis coregonoides and Arctozenus risso, had body length of 28-30 cm; a specimen caught from the southern region of Reykjanes Ridge had 12 individuals of Sebastes mentella ranging from 4.5-5 cm. Stomachs of those caught in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge have small squids (Ref. 31260). Preyed upon by cod, halibut, whales and albacore (Ref. 5951).


Substrate Pelagic;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Kukuev, E.I., 1998
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Kukuev, E.I., 1998
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items 4.34 0.76 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 07.17.03
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 02.05.08
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