Ecology of Hippocampus abdominalis
Main Ref. Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall, 1999
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Hippocampus abdominalis may be found.
Remarks Found among algae, seagrasses and rocky reefs in shallow water; attached to sponges and colonial hydroids in deeper water; also around jetty piles and other man-made objects (Ref. 30915). No differences in diet between male and female seahorses; smaller seahorses consumed a greater amount of crustaceans than larger seahorses; amphipod consumption peaking in spring and summer, and decapod consumption lowest in autumn (Ref. 73407). Observed hunting among the algal blades for prey as well as the surrounding substratum while hitched to the macroalgae, e.g., hunting the epibenthic swarming mysid Tenagomysis similis over sand while attached to the macroalgae fringing sand (Ref. 73407).


Substrate Soft Bottom Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: algae/seaweed; sea grass;
Special habitats Ref. Woods, C.M.C., 2002


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall, 1999
Feeding habit selective plankton feeding
Feeding habit ref
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.41 Troph of adults from 1 study.
Ref. Woods, C.M.C., 2002
From individual food items 3.35 0.50 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Froese, Rainer on 08.17.99
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 06.30.08
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