Ecology of Gymnothorax undulatus
 
Main Ref. Thollot, P., 1996
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Gymnothorax undulatus may be found.
Remarks Inhabits coral reefs (Ref. 58534). A common species on reef flats among rocks, rubble, or debris and also occurs in lagoons and seaward reefs to depths of 26 m or more. Cavernicolous (Ref. 8593, 58302). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Nocturnal species that feeds on fishes, octopi, and probably crustaceans. Reported to be an aggressive species and prone to bite (Ref. 11889).

Substrate

Substrate Benthic;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Coral Reefs: lagoons;
Special habitats Ref. Nguyen, N.T. and V.Q. Nguyen, 2006

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Thollot, P., 1996
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Thollot, P., 1996
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.57 0.31 3.66 0.63 Troph of juv./adults from 2 studies.
Ref. Harmelin-Vivien, M.L., 1979
From individual food items 4.32 0.75 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 11.26.96
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 08.14.08
Checked by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 05.24.01
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