Ecology of Epinephelus maculatus
 
Main Ref. Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Epinephelus maculatus may be found.
Remarks Juveniles are found in shallow coral rubble, adults in isolated coral heads of lagoon and seaward reefs to depths of 82 m. Feed mainly on sand-dwelling fishes and crustaceans, sometimes on octopuses (Ref. 5222).

Substrate

Substrate Benthic;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.98 0.36 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Kulbicki, M., Y.-M. Bozec, P. Labrosse, Y. Letourneur, G. Mou-Tham and L. Wantiez, 2005
From individual food items 4.13 0.56 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.10.00
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 11.19.08
Checked by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.14.00
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