Ecology of Gymnothorax margaritophorus
 
Main Ref. Hiatt, R.W. and D.W. Strasburg, 1960
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Gymnothorax margaritophorus may be found.
Remarks Occurs at reef flats and outer reef slopes to a depth of at least 20 m. Unlikely to be encountered without the use of ichthyocide (Ref. 1602, 37816).

Substrate

Substrate Benthic;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Hiatt, R.W. and D.W. Strasburg, 1960
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Harmelin-Vivien, M.L., 1979
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.61 0.65 3.69 0.68 Troph of juv./adults from 2 studies.
Ref. Harmelin-Vivien, M.L., 1979
From individual food items 3.53 0.61 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 04.07.97
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 08.13.08
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