Ecology of Epinephelus marginatus
Main Ref. van der Elst, R.P. and F. Adkin (eds.), 1991
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Epinephelus marginatus may be found.
Remarks Prefers rocky bottoms (Ref. 5222). Solitary and territorial (Ref. 12382). Juveniles are found closer to shore (Ref. 48605) in rocky tidal pools (Ref. 48609). Feeds on crabs and octopi; larger individuals feed on a greater proportion of fishes, the majority of which are reef-associated species (Ref. 6842). Feeds on fish and benthic invertebrates (Ref. 13352). Increase of nutritional requirements during the life cycle is satisfied by predating on larger prey instead of a greater number of preys (Ref. 75801).


Substrate : demersal; Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref. Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Ref. Göthel, H., 1992
Associations solitary;
Associated with Cleaned by <>Elacatinus figaro observed off the coast of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil (Ref. 40102).
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref van der Elst, R.P. and F. Adkin (eds.), 1991
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Machado, L.F., F.A.M.L. Daros, A. Andrade de Bertoncini, M. Hostim-Silva and J.P. Barreiros, 2008
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 4.43 3.66 0.52 Troph of adults from 1 study.
Ref. Derbal, F. and M.H. Kara, 1996
From individual food items 4.08 0.80 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 03.25.97
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 05.30.08
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 10.24.01
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