Ecology of Trematomus pennellii
 
Main Ref. Dewitt, H.H., P.C. Heemstra and O. Gon, 1990
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Trematomus pennellii may be found.
Remarks Feeds primarily on errant polychaetes, with lesser amounts of amphipods, fish eggs and mollusks.

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Dewitt, H.H., P.C. Heemstra and O. Gon, 1990
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Dewitt, H.H., P.C. Heemstra and O. Gon, 1990
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.34 0.17 3.17 0.26 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Vacchi, M., M. La Mesa and A. Castelli, 1994
From individual food items 3.46 0.47 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.21.00
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 06.06.05
Checked by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.26.00
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