Ecology of Synodontis nigromaculatus
 
Main Ref. Winemiller, K.O. and L.C. Kelso-Winemiller, 1996
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Synodontis nigromaculatus may be found.
Remarks Frequency of occurence in Caprivi: frequently in sandy streams, occasionally on rocky streams, common in standing deep water, occasionally in shallow swamps (Ref. 037065). Feeds on benthic organisms, fish and seeds (Ref. 12597)

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type plants/detritus+animals (troph. 2.2-2.79)
Feeding type ref Winemiller, K.O. and L.C. Kelso-Winemiller, 1996
Feeding habit variable
Feeding habit ref Winemiller, K.O. and L.C. Kelso-Winemiller, 1996
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.35 0.33 3.12 0.43 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Winemiller, K.O. and L.C. Kelso-Winemiller, 1996
From individual food items 3.38 0.53 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 03.25.99
Modified by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 03.05.01
Checked by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 03.05.01
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