Ecology of Epinephelus costae
 
Main Ref. Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Epinephelus costae may be found.
Remarks Found on sand, mud or rock bottoms (Ref. 6789). Juveniles form small groups. Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks, and fish.

Substrate

Substrate Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref. FAO EastMed Project, 2013
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Göthel, H., 1992
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Göthel, H., 1992
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 3.87 0.61 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 12.13.00
Modified by Sampang-Reyes, Arlene G. on 04.08.14
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