Anotopterus pharao Zugmayer, 1911
photo by DESCNA

 Family:  Anotopteridae (Daggertooth)
 Max. size:  96 cm SL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 5100 m
 Distribution:  North Atlantic: from Canada (Ref. 5951), Greenland and Davis Strait, to Madeira I. and Canary Is. (Ref. 31260).
 Diagnosis:  Anal soft rays: 12-15; Vertebrae: 77-81. In adults, head depth 23.2-26.8% of lower jaw length. Postorbital area 5.5-7.6% SL or 28.8-33.3% (less than 3 times smaller than HL). Rear edge of gill cover overlaps with the middle of the 4th vertebrae. Postadipose distance 6-7.4% SL (Ref. 31260).
 Biology:  Epimesopelagic species. Juveniles and fry observed exclusively within the central-circle current and its periphery; large adults caught mainly in boreal and sub-arctic waters. Feeds mainly on small and moderate-sized mesopelagic fishes; the largest Paralepis coregonoides and Arctozenus risso, had body length of 28-30 cm; a specimen caught from the southern region of Reykjanes Ridge had 12 individuals of Sebastes mentella ranging from 4.5-5 cm. Stomachs of those caught in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge have small squids (Ref. 31260).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
 Modified by: OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen - 22.07.08
 Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 06.12.96

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