Aphanius dispar (Rüppell, 1829)
Arabian pupfish
Aphanius dispar
photo by Hamidan, N.A.

 Family:  Cyprinodontidae (Pupfishes), subfamily: Cyprinodontinae
 Max. size:  7 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  demersal, non-migratory
 Distribution:  Indian Ocean: Egypt to Somalia southward to Eil, a landlocked population in the Siwa Oasis, western Egypt. Immigrant through the Suez Canal into the southeastern Mediterranean basin, Egypt and Israel. Elsewhere: Dead Sea, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, western India; landlocked populations in Saudi Arabia, Iran.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-11; Anal soft rays: 9-11. Description: males with 8-11and females with 9-11 dorsal-fin rays; males and females with 9-11 anal-fin rays; males and females with 14-17 pectoral-fin rays; males and females with 6-8 pelvic-fin rays (Ref. 96446).
 Biology:  Occurs in coastal zones, also found in oasis pools with hypersaline to fresh water (Ref. 3788). Forms schools. Chiefly a herbivorous species (Ref. 13530). Spawn in areas where roots of hyacinth or other floating plants abound (Ref. 44327). Not a seasonal killifish. Very difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 18.12.91
 Modified by: Torres, Armi G. - 13.08.16
 Checked by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 08.02.95

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