Bulbonaricus davaoensis (Herald, 1953)
Davao pughead pipefish
photo by Ryanskiy, A.

 Family:  Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses), subfamily: Syngnathinae
 Max. size:  4.3 cm SL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  reef-associated
 Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Kenya (near Mombasa) and from the Philippines southeastward to Fiji.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 22-26. Description: Characterized by having whitish or tan color in preservative, unknown live color; absence of anal fin; 10 caudal rays; rings 16 - 17 + 40 - 45; continuous superior and inferior trunk ridges with respective tail ridges; straight lateral trunk ridge, ends near anal ring; snout abbreviated with terminal mouth, pug-nosed appearance (Ref. 90102).
 Biology:  Planktonic fish taken within upper 200 m over depths of 610 to 7,120 m, whereas metamorphosed demersal examples are from coral habitats in 1.8 to 8 m. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Apparently associates with live corals, including Galaxea fascicularis (Ref 90102).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 25.03.93
 Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 26.02.13

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