Calotomus zonarchus (Jenkins, 1903)
Yellowbar parrot
photo by Randall, J.E.

 Family:  Scaridae (Parrotfishes), subfamily: Sparisomatinae
 Max. size:  33 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 12 - 170 m
 Distribution:  Pacific Ocean: Midway and Hawaiian islands.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 9-9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-10; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 9-9; Vertebrae: 25-25. When fresh, reddish brown to brown dorsally, reddish to almost white ventrally; irregular fine whitish marks on scales. Head with white speckling; a reddish transverse band on chin, followed by a diffuse white band; reddish iris. Whitish pectoral fins, base reddish brown; 3 narrow irregular brownish red stripes on whitish pelvic fins. Pungent dorsal spines; rounded caudal fin at all sizes. Skin dark around anus, almost black. Lateral line interrupted.
 Biology:  Occurs in areas of coral rock with coral or rubble, from the lower surge zone to at least 10 m (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Protogynous (Ref. 55080).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 10.06.91
 Modified by: OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen - 07.01.08
 Checked by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 12.07.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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