Citharichthys stampflii (Steindachner, 1894)
Smooth flounder
photo by FAO

 Family:  Paralichthyidae (Large-tooth flounders)
 Max. size:  16 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  demersal; depth range 0 - 50 m,
 Distribution:  Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola (Ref. 5979, 81290). Reported from Mauritania (Ref. 55783).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 80-87; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 59-65. Diagnosis: flat and asymmetric body; both eyes on left side of body, except in reversed individuals; hind margin of preopercle free and visible with naked eye; dorsal and anal fins lacking spinous rays; dorsal fin originating above or before dorsal eye; caudal fin separate from dorsal and anal fins; single lateral line on eyed side, absent or camouflaged on blind side (Ref. 81290). Description: body depth 45-50% SL; HL comprised three times in SL; interorbital space narrow and slightly concave; hind end of maxilla extending to below centre of eye; body covered with cycloid or weakly ctenoid scales; gill rakers long and slender (Ref. 81290). Colouration: eyed side brown, with dark spots along dorsal and anal fins; white spot at base of caudal fin, as well as on upper and lower caudal-fin rays; dorsal and anal fins with series of dark spots; blind side entirely whitish (Ref. 81290).
 Biology:  Occurs in coastal waters (Ref. 2683, 81290) and brackish water of estuaries and lagoons (Ref. 81290). Enters freshwater (Ref. 2683). Feeds on fish, shrimps and crabs (Ref. 28587).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   
 

 Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 05.02.92
 Modified by: Geelhand, Dimitri - 26.05.15
 Checked by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 12.07.94

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