Cnesterodon pirai Aguilera, Mirande & Azpelicueta, 2009
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 Family:  Poeciliidae (Poeciliids), subfamily: Poeciliinae
 Max. size:  2.82 cm SL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  pelagic
 Distribution:  South America: Argentina. Only know from its type locality, arroyo Almeida, affluent of arroyo Cuñá-Pirú, río Paraná basin, Aristóbulo del Valle, Misiones. In spite of the collecting effort in different streams of Misiones province, especially in the Cuñá-Pirú basin, C. pirai was not found in other sites (Ref. 82179).
 Diagnosis:  Cnesterodon pirai is diagnosed by the combination of the following characters: 6 to 8 irregular dashes on flanks, ranging from oval to vertical stripes on females and 7 to 9 irregular dashes ranging from oval to circular dots on males (dashes both on males and females covering 1 or 2 scales in transverse row); absence of a large post-gonopodium blotch on ventral profile in adult males; lack of a distal filament on gonopodium; absence of longitudinal dark-brown band along flank; snout pointed and long (16.7–28.7 %HL); possession of 12–13 epipleural ribs; medial surface of ascending process of premaxilla approximately straight; presence of teeth on fourth ceratobranchial; distal portion of third and fourth gonactinosts separate, except by tip of third gonactinost; fifth gonactinost free; and presence of a constriction on unpaired appendix of gonopodium (Ref. 82179).
 IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Busson, Frédéric - 25.08.09
 Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 12.04.11

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