Emmelichthys nitidus nitidus Richardson, 1845
Cape bonnetmouth
photo by Le Noury, P.

 Family:  Emmelichthyidae (Rovers)
 Max. size:  55 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  bathydemersal; depth range 86 - 500 m
 Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Australia, New Zealand, St. Paul and Amsterdam islands. Eastern Atlantic: Off western Cape coast in South Africa, Namibia and Tristan da Cunha. Emmelichthys nitidus cyanescens is found in the eastern Pacific.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 13-13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 10-10. Reddish, darker (bluish grey) dorsally, silvery white below (Ref. 5325).
 Biology:  A schooling species (Ref. 9563). Reported from between depths of 86 m (Ref. 58489) and 500 m (Ref. 5325). Juveniles occur near the surface, often with schools of clupeids while adults are found near the bottom in deeper water (Ref. 3394). Adults feed mainly on larger zooplankton (Ref. 3394). An excellent food fish; marketed fresh or frozen (Ref. 3394).
 IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   
 

 Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
 Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 24.05.17
 Checked by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 12.08.94

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