Epinephelus amblycephalus (Bleeker, 1857)
Banded grouper
Epinephelus amblycephalus
photo by Randall, J.E.

 Family:  Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets), subfamily: Epinephelinae
 Max. size:  50 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 80 - 130 m
 Distribution:  Western Pacific: Andaman Sea to southern Japan, Taiwan, China, Philippines, Viet Nam, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, New Guinea, the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819), northwestern Australia, and Fiji.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 11-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Distinguished by the following characteristics: head, body and median fins are pale grey; 5 broad dark brown bars, first 2 extending into the spinous part of dorsal fin, 3rd and 4th bars extending into the soft dorsal and anal fins, 5th dark bar at the base of the caudal fin; edges of dorsal parts of body bars with small black spots; nape with dark brown saddle blotch, small black spots mainly along edge of the blotch; cheeks, snout, interorbital area, jaws and chest mostly dark brown, with 2-3 white bands radiating from the eye; irregular black bar on the middle of the caudal fin; yellow maxillary groove; body depth less than head length, 2.5-3.0 times in SL; head length 2.1-2.4 times in SL; rounded preopercle, 3-6 enlarged serrae at the angle; upper edge of operculum slightly convex; nostrils subequal or posterior nostril larger than anterior; scaly maxilla, reaching about vertical at rear edge of eye; 2 rows of teeth at midside of lower jaw; pectoral and pelvic fin length are equal, 1.7-2.3 times in head length; rounded caudal fin; ctenoid lateral body scales, few auxiliary scales in adults (Ref. 089707).
 Biology:  Poorly known species from deep waters of western Pacific (Ref. 089707). Sold fresh.
 IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 13.10.92
 Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 30.08.13
 Checked by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 22.03.94

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