Epinephelus quinquefasciatus (Bocourt, 1868)
Pacific goliath grouper
photo by Castellanos-Galindo, G.A.

 Family:  Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets), subfamily: Epinephelinae
 Max. size:  250 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range - 100 m
 Distribution:  Eastern Pacific. Gulf of California to Peru (Ref. 5222).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 11-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Distinguished by the following characteristics: generally brownish yellow, grey or greenish; head, dorsal part of body and fins with small black spots, becoming smaller with growth; robust, elongate body, greatest width more than half of body depth, distinctly less than head length; body depth contained 2.7-3.4 times in SL; head length 2.3-2.9 times in SL; extremely broad head; flat interorbital; rounded preopercle, finely serrate; posterior and anterior nostrils round and subequal; scaly maxilla, reaching well past eye; 3-5 rows of subequal teeth on midlateral part of lower jaw; absence of canines at front of jaws (Ref. 89707).
 Biology:  Inhabits a variety of habitats in depths of up to 100 m (Ref. 89707).
 IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 08.03.12
 Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 18.10.13

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