Etrumeus whiteheadi Wongratana, 1983
Whitehead's round herring
photo by FAO

 Family:  Dussumieriidae ()
 Max. size:  22 cm SL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 200 m
 Distribution:  Southeastern Atlantic to Western Indian Ocean: southern Africa (Walvis Bay to Durban) to southern Angola.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-20; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 12-13; Vertebrae: 50-50. Numerous branchiostegal rays (11 to 15); without pre-and post pelvic scutes; W-shaped pelvic scute; rectangular pre-maxillae; pelvic fins less advanced and the isthmus with lateral flanges or `shoulders' as compared to Dussumieria.
 Biology:  Mainly an inshore species. Often forms shoals together with pilchard (Ref. 27121). Feeds on larger types of zooplankton (Ref. 27121).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   
 

 Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.10.90
 Modified by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 25.03.13
 Checked by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 15.07.94

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