Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Witch flounder
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus
photo by Dolgov, A.

 Family:  Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders), subfamily: Pleuronectinae
 Max. size:  60 cm SL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 2,500.0 g; max. reported age: 25 years
 Environment:  demersal; depth range 18 - 1570 m, oceanodromous
 Distribution:  Eastern Atlantic: Northern Spain to northern Norway. Western Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence and Grand Banks in Canada to North Carolina in USA (Ref. 7251).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 95-120; Anal soft rays: 85-102. Pectoral fin of eyed side shorter than head. Distal part of pectoral fin blackish (Ref. 232). Large mucus pores on the blind side of the head. Uniform coloration, rough scales. Body elongated with complete straight lateral line (Ref. 35388).
 Biology:  Inhabits soft mud bottoms in fairly deep water (Ref. 9988). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on crustaceans, polychaetes, brittle stars (Ref. 9988) and fishes (Ref. 58426). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten steamed, fried, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).
 IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
 Modified by: Sampang-Reyes, Arlene G. - 05.04.10
 Checked by: Amaoka, Kunio - 27.10.95

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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