Gonialosa manmina (Hamilton, 1822)
Ganges river gizzard shad
photo by FAO

 Family:  Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens), subfamily: Dorosomatinae
 Max. size:  14.1 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  pelagic, amphidromous
 Distribution:  Asia: rivers and associated water bodies of Sri Lanka, India (Ganges and other rivers of Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Bengal, Assam), and Bangladesh. (The Andaman record is doubtful - perhaps Anodontostoma selangkat).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 22-28. Body fairly deep, somewhat compressed, belly with 16 to 20 (usually 17 or 18) + 11 to 14 (usually 11 to 13), total 27 to 33 (usually 29 to 31) scutes. Upper jaw slender at tip and distinctly turned down, second supra-maxilla very small. Gill rakers fine and numerous (90 to 180 on lower arch). Pre-dorsal scales paired and overlapping in midline; scales moderate or small.
 Biology:  Found in rivers and pools. More data needed.
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.10.90
 Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 16.07.13
 Checked by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 26.07.94

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