Halieutichthys aculeatus (Mitchill, 1818)
Pancake batfish
photo by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

 Family:  Ogcocephalidae (Batfishes)
 Max. size:  10 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 5 - 820 m
 Distribution:  Western Atlantic: coast of southern USA (18.0°N-36.5°N) and throughout Gulf of Mexico.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 4-6; Anal spines: 0-0. This species of the H. aculeatus complex is distinguished by having 2 narrow black bands across pectoral fin; with well-developed outer sphenotic tubercle and strongly reduced inner sphenotic tubercle; tubercles relatively small but sharp; tubercles almost always absent dorsal to orbit; relatively fine reticulate pigmentation pattern on dorsal surface (i.e. densely arranged network of melanophores); relatively small with adult body size usually attaining <7.0 cm SL (Ref. 85070).
 Biology:  Inhabits bare sandy bottom where, during the day, it rests partly covered by a thin layer of sand (Ref. 5521).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
 Modified by: Kesner-Reyes, Kathleen - 08.11.12
 Checked by: Torres, Armi G. - 06.08.94

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