Hippocampus alatus Kuiter, 2001
Winged seahorse
photo by Zuberbuhler, T.

 Family:  Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses), subfamily: Hippocampinae
 Max. size:  11.7 cm OT (male/unsexed); 13.6 cm OT (female)
 Environment:  demersal; depth range 10 - 80 m, non-migratory
 Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: northern Australia (including Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia) and southeastern Papua New Guinea. Also from the Philippines and Indonesia. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies. Formerly classified as vulnerable in the 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species (Ref. 36508).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-18; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 4-4. Dorsal fin rays usually 17; trunk rings 11; tail rings 34-36; subdorsal spines 2-3/0-0.5,1,0-0.5, usually enlarged on 11th trunk ring; nose spine absent; spine above eye of moderate length, reaching pupil diameter; lateral head spine large, usually larger than spine above eye; coronet well developed, with 5-7 blunt spines, apex rough and rugose; upper shoulder-ring spine at gill opening; lower shoulder-ring spine low and thick, very broad when single or divided into two rounded tips; superior trunk and tail ridges with enlarged spines, forming laterally directed pairs at regular intervals with 2-3 on trunk and 3-4 on tail, greatly produced in young and least prominent in males; long and sometimes broad dermal flaps, often frilled along edges, on nape, lateral head spines, and enlarged body spines, usually attached posteriorly and just below tip; lateral line with pores on each trunk ring, running just above inferior ridge, continuing on tail to 12th-15th ring (Ref. 42735).
 Biology:  Adults inhabit soft bottom (Ref. 42735, 75154) of the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). Maximum length is based on a straight-line length measurement from upper surface (ignoring spines) of first trunk ring, to tip of tail (Ref. 42735). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
 IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   
 

 Entered by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 15.07.02
 Modified by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 31.05.17
 Checked by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 31.05.17

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