Melamphaes suborbitalis (Gill, 1883)
Shoulderspine bigscale
photo by Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Canada

 Family:  Melamphaidae (Bigscale fishes or ridgeheads)
 Max. size:  10 cm SL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  bathypelagic; depth range 500 - 1000 m
 Distribution:  North Atlantic: including 7 specimens recorded between about 18° and 29°N and 15° and 25°W. Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Southwest Pacific: New South Wales, Australia (Ref. 7300) and New Zealand (Ref. 5755).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 3-3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 5-5; Anal spines: 1-1; Anal soft rays: 17-17. Light brown body; unpigmented fins; mouth and branchial cavity light brown. Well-developed post temporal spine, directed antero-dorsally. About 20 transverse rows of scales (nape to caudal fin) (Ref. 31511). Head with obtuse angle in lateral margin (Ref. 37108).
 Biology:  Adults occur below 500 m (Ref. 6747).
 IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   
 

 Entered by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 20.03.96

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