Microphis fluviatilis (Peters, 1852)
Freshwater pipefish
photo by SFSA

 Family:  Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses), subfamily: Syngnathinae
 Max. size:  21 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  demersal
 Distribution:  Africa: Sabaki River, Kenya to Coffee Bay, South Africa; also Madagascar. Reported from Zimbabwe (Ref. 13337).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 60-69; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 4-4
 Biology:  It occurs in coastal rivers and streams (Ref. 4127) where it can be found in quiet water among vegetation (Ref. 30558) or in the vicinity of logs at river edges (Ref. 30558). It is ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). During mating the female passes eggs to the male and the eggs become fertilized as they pass into the pouch of the male (Ref. 30558). The male brood the eggs and larvae in an abdominal pouch (Ref. 7248, Ref. 30558). After about three weeks the pouch opens and the male gives birth to fully formed young (Ref. 30558). The young begin to feed soon and may take refuge in the male pouch if necessary (Ref. 30558). It probably feeds on minute invertebrate organisms such as crustaceans and insects (Ref. 30558).
 IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 16.03.93
 Modified by: Boden, Gert - 22.04.05
 Checked by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 17.08.94

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Page created by Jen, 05.08.02, php script by kbanasihan 06/09/2010 ,  last modified by dsantos, 20/08/10