Plectroglyphidodon leucozonus (Bleeker, 1859)
Singlebar devil
Plectroglyphidodon leucozonus
photo by Cook, D.C.

 Family:  Pomacentridae (Damselfishes), subfamily: Pomacentrinae
 Max. size:  12 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 0 - 6 m, non-migratory
 Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Marshall and Pitcairn island groups, north to Japan, south to Australia.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 12-12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines: 2-2; Anal soft rays: 12-13. Description: Adult overall brown, middle of side has vertical bar white faint, pectoral fin base spot dark (Ref. 90102). Juveniles have a conspicuous dorsal ocellus behind a wide white band. Large adults are uniformly dirty bronze (Ref. 1602). Body depth 1.8-1.9 in SL (Ref. 90102)
 Biology:  Adults inhabit surge-swept shorelines and seaward reef margins. Juveniles often occur in pockets of the intertidal reef crest, while adults are found in ridges between surge channels (Ref. 1602). Feed on benthic algae. Juveniles found in sheltered ocean bays, shallow low boulder-reefs above sand level. Known in clear-water reefs in gutters and upper edge of drop-offs (Ref. 9002). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
 IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 11.06.92
 Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 20.07.11
 Checked by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 09.08.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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