Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes, 1833
Freckled driftfish
Psenes cyanophrys
photo by SFSA

 Family:  Nomeidae (Driftfishes)
 Max. size:  23 cm SL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  bathypelagic; depth range 20 - 550 m, oceanodromous
 Distribution:  Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: tropical and warmer temperate waters. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to South America (Ref. 7251). Reported from southern Africa (Ref. 4412).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 9-12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 23-28; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 23-28; Vertebrae: 31-31. Dark horizontal lines laterally (Ref. 4412). Description: Characterized further by having predorsal scales extending forward to nostrils; scales very small in anterior patch, sharply demarcated from larger posterior scales; rounded snout; terminal jaw; small teeth, conical, mostly uniserial; deeply forked caudal fin with rounded lobes (Ref. 90102).
 Biology:  Inhabits the open ocean (Ref. 26340). Found under floating weeds or debris. Adults were found under large weed-rafts at a depth of about 20 meters, using the shade as cover. They also form schools (Ref. 48637). Associated with Sargassum (Ref. 26340) and jellyfish (Ref. 7251).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
 Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 02.05.13

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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