Salvelinus umbla (Linnaeus, 1758)
photo by Wärn, L.

 Family:  Salmonidae (Salmonids), subfamily: Salmoninae
 Max. size:  75 cm SL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  benthopelagic
 Distribution:  Europe: Alpine and subalpine lakes in Italy (Trentino, Alto Adige), France (Lake Bourget), and Switzerland, Germany and Austria. Introduced in numerous high altitude lakes (Ref. 59043). Reported from Sweden (Ref. 30402).
 Diagnosis:  Distinguished from congeners in central Europe by the following characters: mouth terminal to subterminal, lower jaw not included in upper jaw; snout conical; 25-31 gill rakers; flank greenish brown with reddish spots, belly yellowish to reddish orange; fins red to orange with white margins (Ref. 59043).
 Biology:  Inhabits deep lakes in glacial valleys and high altitude lakes. Preys on crustaceans, insects and benthic fauna; a few individuals develop as large piscivores, with a distinct morphology. Spawns on pebble to stone bottom on steep slopes, at depths of 30-120 m (Ref. 59043).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   
 

 Entered by: Torres, Armi G. - 11.08.98
 Modified by: Torres, Armi G. - 12.07.10

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