Sargocentron marisrubri Randall, Golani & Diamant, 1989
photo by Khalaf, M.A.

 Family:  Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes), subfamily: Holocentrinae
 Max. size:  18.3 cm SL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  demersal; depth range 39 - 350 m
 Distribution:  Western Indian Ocean: known only from two localities, Egypt (Gulf of Elat = Gulf of Aqaba), and Sudan.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 11-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-13; Anal spines: 4-4; Anal soft rays: 8-9. Sudan fish with light red body, silvery iridescence dorsally, pinkish silvery white ventrally, with faint alternating silvery white and light red stripes following the scale rows; Gulf of Aqaba fish golden yellow body, dorsal scales edged with orange-red; with broad pale yellow stripes following centers of scale rows; 5 oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.7-2.95 in SL; head length (HL) 2.5-2.75 in SL; snout length 3.4-3.95 in HL; interorbital width 7.75-5.7 in HL; slender caudal peduncle, depth 3.9-4.65 in HL; mouth terminal; maxilla extending from below center of the eye to nearly vertical at rear edge of the pupil; upper jaw length 2.15-2.3 in HL; surface or medial edge of nasal bone spineless; moderately large nasal fossa spineless or with 1or 2 spinules on margin; side of first suborbital bone beneath the anterior part of orbit without lateral or retrorse spine, however, the low ridge has occasional, indistinct, recumbent serrae continuing along the upper edge of suborbital series; preopercular spine 3.55-5.0 in HL; longest dorsal spines 2.0-2.3 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.35-1.44 in HL (Ref. 27370).
 Biology:  Found in reefs in small aggregations.
 IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   
 

 Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 26.03.92
 Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 29.04.09
 Checked by: Luna, Susan M. - 24.08.94

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