Saurida nebulosa Valenciennes, 1850
Clouded lizardfish
photo by Randall, J.E.

 Family:  Synodontidae (Lizardfishes), subfamily: Harpadontinae
 Max. size:  16.5 cm SL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 0 - 100 m
 Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Mauritius to the Society Islands, north to the Hawaiian Islands, south to Sydney Harbor, New South Wales, Australia (Ref. 7300).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 9-10. Saurida differs from all other lizardfishes by possessing several rows of villiform teeth extending outward onto the lips beyond the normal row of large canine, and 9 instead of 8 pelvic rays. The species is recognized by the large dark blotches below the dorsal fins (Ref. 48635). Description: Characterized by greyish color; mottled with brown dorsally; visible teeth when mouth is closed; dorsal fin origin behind midpoint between snout and adipose fin; vertical from tip of pectoral equal with level of fourth to sixth predorsal scales; pectoral fins just reaching level of pelvic fin origin (Ref. 90102).
 Biology:  Benthic in sand, mud, rock and eel-grass habitats (Ref. 58302). Solitary on sand and silt bottoms (Ref 90102). Feeds on small fishes (Ref. 89972). Found primarily inshore, e.g. in mangroves and seagrass beds, also near streams and river mouths. Piscivorous. Caught with artisanal gear. Sold fresh in markets.
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 25.06.93
 Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 30.09.14
 Checked by: Luna, Susan M. - 30.05.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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