Scarus psittacus Forsskål, 1775
Common parrotfish
Scarus psittacus
photo by Randall, J.E.

 Family:  Scaridae (Parrotfishes), subfamily: Scarinae
 Max. size:  34 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 904.0 g; max. reported age: 5 years
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 2 - 25 m
 Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Sodwana Bay, South Africa (Ref. 5490) and east to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to Shark Bay, Western Australia and Lord Howe Island.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 9-9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-10; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 9-9. The initial phase closely resembles that of S. globiceps and S. rivulatus. May be differed according to the number of scale rows and scales on the ventral side.
 Biology:  Inhabit reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs to at least 25 m depth (Ref. 1602). Found over corals (Ref. 5213, 58652). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Initial-phase fish stage usually form small feeding schools (Ref. 2334). Graze on benthic algae (Ref. 3488). Secrete a mucus cocoon (Ref. 1602).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 05.06.92
 Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 19.04.17
 Checked by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 07.06.95

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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