Scarus vetula Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Queen parrotfish
photo by Patzner, R.

 Family:  Scaridae (Parrotfishes), subfamily: Scarinae
 Max. size:  61 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 3 - 25 m
 Distribution:  Western Central Atlantic: Bermuda, Florida (USA), and Bahamas to northern South America; throughout the Caribbean Sea.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 9-9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-10; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 9-9. Young adults of both sexes dark gray overall, with broad white stripe slightly below mid-side. Super males have upper pectoral fin margin and upper and lower margins of tail dusky with submarginal band of brownish orange (Ref. 26938).
 Biology:  Inhabits coral reefs and adjacent habitats. Feeds on algae scraped from rocks or dead coral. Sleeps in a mucus cocoon (Ref. 9710). Often seen in groups of one super male with several young adults, most of which are probably females (Ref. 26938). A protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 55367).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  reports of ciguatera poisoning
 Country info:   
 

 Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
 Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 09.06.15
 Checked by: Torres, Armi G. - 25.08.94

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