Sparisoma axillare (Steindachner, 1878)
photo by Krajewski, J.P.

 Family:  Scaridae (Parrotfishes), subfamily: Sparisomatinae
 Max. size:  43.6 cm SL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 1 - 35 m
 Distribution:  Southwest Atlantic: endemic to Brazil and its oceanic islands.
 Diagnosis:  TP individuals readily separated from S. rubripinne by the presence of a distinctive bright-yellow area on the pectoral -fin axil, blackish caudal fin margins, yellowish dorsal and anal fins, and general body color which is grayish-white in S. axillare and blue-green in S. rubripinne. Initial phase individuals of S. axillare are brownish-gray with a yellow stain on the flanks and different from S. rubripinne by the absence of a bright- yellow area on the caudal peduncle and caudal fin. Head profile more rounded S. axillare (Ref. 40827).
 Biology:  Occurs in oceanic islands, dwelling in coral, algal and rocky reefs and on algal beds (Ref. 40827). An herbivore (Ref. 33499), cleaned by Elacatinus figaro observed off the coast of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil (Ref. 40102) and by Pomacanthus paru observed at the reefs of the Abrolhos Archipelago, off eastern Brazil (Ref. 40094).
 IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   
 

 Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 18.06.02
 Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 17.05.17

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