Symphurus insularis Munroe, Brito & Hernández, 2000
Symphurus insularis
photo by Wirtz, P.

 Family:  Cynoglossidae (Tonguefishes), subfamily: Symphurinae
 Max. size:  7.98 cm SL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  demersal; depth range 3 - 23 m
 Distribution:  Eastern Atlantic: Azores, Madeira, Canary, Cape Verde Islands and Senegal.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 80-87; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 66-72; Vertebrae: 45-48. a 1-3-2 interdigitation pattern; 12 caudal fin rays; 80-87 dorsal fin rays; 66-72 anal fin rays; 45-48 total vertebrae; 84-98 scales in a longitudinal series; unpigmented peritoneum; unique ocular side pigmentation featuring a yellowish to dark brown background with numerous small, dark speckles, a series of 3-8 mostly incomplete crossbands beginning just posterior to the opercle, and usually 1-3 small, dark, spherical spots arranged in a longitudinal row along the body midline; a series of dark blotches alternating with unpigmented areas on the dorsal and anal fins, and a spot and dark band on the caudal fin base with the distal four-fifths of the caudal fin unpigmented.
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Bailly, Nicolas - 04.10.00
 Modified by: Béarez, Philippe - 28.04.01

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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