Synodontis xiphias Günther, 1864
photo by Günther, A.C.L.G.

 Family:  Mochokidae (Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
 Max. size:  67.5 cm SL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  benthopelagic,
 Distribution:  Africa: known only from the lower Niger (Ref. 57223).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 1; Anal spines: -0. Diagnosis: gill slits not extending ventrally beyond pectoral-fin insertions; post-orbital length at most 60% of snout length; maxillary barbels unbranched, not fringed or very slightly fringed at base, shorter than head, without tubercles or basilar membrane; mandibular barbels with a long simple and relatively thin ramifications; mandibular teeth numbering 10-16; dorsal-fin spine smooth anteriorly, pectoral-fin spines weakly denticulate; humeral process triangular and rather pointed posteriorly, its upper margin concave; adipose fin poorly developed, distinctly separated from rayed dorsal fin; colour uniform, sometimes with very fine punctuations (Ref. 57223). Coloration: uniformly brownish, with numerous small, rounded spots on sides and adipose fin (this colour corresponds to a stuffed specimen)(Ref. 57223).
 Biology:  Oviparous (Ref. 205). Maximum TL recorded was 800mm (Ref. 57223).
 IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   
 

 Entered by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 17.05.94
 Modified by: Musschoot, Tobias - 09.03.15
 Checked by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 23.08.94

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