Synodus dermatogenys Fowler, 1912
Sand lizardfish
photo by Field, R.

 Family:  Synodontidae (Lizardfishes), subfamily: Synodontinae
 Max. size:  24 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 1 - 91 m
 Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to the Hawaiian, Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Lord Howe; including Micronesia (Ref. 2334). Range extend to Southeast Atlantic, Algoa Bay, South Africa (Ref. 11228). Most authors misidentified this species as Synodus variegatus (Lacep├Ęde).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-13; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 8-10. Body brownish above, with 7 irregular blackish bars (Ref. 11228). Cheek usually not scaled to preopercular margin; membranous flap on anterior nostrils long and slender; pectoral fins not reaching a line connecting origins of dorsal and pelvic fins. Description: Characterized by snout tip with cluster of six dark spots (Ref. 90102).
 Biology:  Common on sand or sand-rubble areas of lagoon and seaward reefs to over 20 m depth (Ref. 1602, 9710, 48635). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on shrimps and small fishes (Ref. 89972). Frequently buries in sand leaving only eyes and nostrils exposed (Ref. 9710, 48635). Generally solitary (Ref. 1602). Sometimes in pairs or small groups (Ref 90102).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   
 

 Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 13.01.95
 Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 09.04.15
 Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 20.01.97

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