Uraspis secunda (Poey, 1860)
Cottonmouth jack
Uraspis secunda
photo by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

 Family:  Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos), subfamily: Caranginae
 Max. size:  50 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 2,040.0 g
 Environment:  pelagic-oceanic; depth range 1 - 50 m, oceanodromous
 Distribution:  Worldwide in warm waters. Western Indian Ocean: Tanzania (Ref. 3287, 3197). Eastern Central Pacific: California, USA to Costa Rica (Ref. 2850). Also in Hawaii. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola (Ref. 7097); also Algoa Bay, South Africa (Ref. 3197).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 9-9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 27-32; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 19-23. Adults dark to bluish black; juveniles with 6-7 dark bands with pale interspaces (Ref. 3197).
 Biology:  Adults are mostly oceanic and pelagic but sometimes found near the bottom, often near islands. Solitary or in small schools (Ref. 2850).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
 Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 11.10.14
 Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 06.02.97

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