Zenarchopterus buffonis (Valenciennes, 1847)
Buffon's river-garfish
Zenarchopterus buffonis
photo by FAO

 Family:  Zenarchopteridae ()
 Max. size:  23 cm TL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range - 0 m
 Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: India, Malay Peninsula, East Indies, Philippines, Hainan Island in China, Taiwan, New Guinea and northern Australia (Ref. 10943). Known from the lower Mekong (Ref. 12693).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 10-13. A prominent dark brown stripe along the midline of the snout. Upper jaw distinctly wider than long; width divided by length 1.05-1.35. Sixth anal fin ray of adult males much thickened and enlarged, not reaching base of caudal fin. Fourth to seventh dorsal rays of adult males slightly elongate.
 Biology:  Found at the surface levels in coastal waters, estuaries and rivers. Feeds on terrestrial insects. Not seen in markets (Ref. 12693).
 IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:   

 Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 10.03.96
 Modified by: Kesner-Reyes, Kathleen - 04.04.17
 Checked by: Casal, Christine Marie V. - 02.05.96

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