Apogonichthyoides melas (Bleeker, 1848)
Black cardinalfish

Black cardinalfish

Apogonichthyoides melas
photo by Cook, D.C.

 Family:  Apogonidae (Cardinalfishes), subfamily: Apogoninae
 Max. size:  10 cm SL (male/unsexed)
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 1 - 15 m
 Distribution:  Western Pacific: Malaysia to Moluccas, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Rowley Shoals. Reported from New Caledonia (Ref. 11889).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 8-8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9; Anal spines: 2-2; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Description: Characterized by tall, rounded dorsal fins; broad rounded tail lobes; overall dark brown coloration with pale-edged black spot at second dorsal fin base; turn pale at night with 2-3 dark bars; greatest depth of body 2.3-3.0 in SL (Ref. 90102).
 Biology:  Found in shallow well protected coastal bays, commonly found under jetties, hiding in dark areas (Ref. 48635); also in inshore rocky areas and among branching coral (Ref. 9710).
 IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated  (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:  Type locality: Sumbawa (Ref. 48635). Occurs in Moluccas (Ref. 37816).

 Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 11.06.92
 Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 22.03.13
 Checked by: Bailly, Nicolas - 12.11.12

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