Scarus russelii Valenciennes, 1840
Eclipse parrotfish
Scarus russelii
photo by Randall, J.E.

 Family:  Scaridae (Parrotfishes), subfamily: Scarinae
 Max. size:  51 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 1,100.0 g
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 6 - 15 m
 Distribution:  Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, including Madagascar, Seychelles, and Mauritius to the south coast of India and Sri Lanka. Absent from the Red Sea (probably replaced by Scarus fuscopurpureus) and Persian Gulf. Presence in Somalia to be confirmed (Ref. 30573). Eastern Indian Ocean: Similan Island, Thailand (Ref. 9710).
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 9-9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-10; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 9-9
 Biology:  Inhabits shallow coastal reefs (Ref. 9710) and outer reef slopes at depths of 6-15 m (Ref. 90102). Feeds on algae by grazing on sand or coral rubble (Ref. 9710). Wary and usually found singly (Ref. 9710). Often seen in markets.
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  harmless
 Country info:  Known from Similan Island.

 Entered by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 21.04.93
 Modified by: Olisa, Kristine Elaine Paz - 21.05.13
 Checked by: Luna, Susan M. - 22.08.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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