Scomberomorus regalis (Bloch, 1793)
Cero

Sierra Sierra, 

Scomberomorus regalis
photo by Randall, J.E.

 Family:  Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos), subfamily: Scombrinae
 Max. size:  183 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 7,760.0 g
 Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 1 - 20 m, oceanodromous
 Distribution:  Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA to Brazil, including the Bahamas and West Indies.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 16-18; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-19; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 15-20; Vertebrae: 47-48. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Lateral line gently curving down toward caudal peduncle. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Swim bladder absent. Body covered with small scales. Anterior third of first dorsal fin black. Pelvic fins relatively long. Sides silvery with one long mid-lateral stripe and with several rows of yellow-orange streaks of variable length and small yellow spots above and below the stripe.
 Biology:  Most abundant in clear waters around coral reefs, occasionally forming schools. Feeds on clupeoids (Harengula, Jenkinsia and Opisthonema) and atherinids (Allanetta [= Craterocephalus), squids and shrimps. Good food and game fish (Ref. 5521). Utilized fresh, smoked and frozen; consumed pan-fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9987). Sometimes called the "Painted Mackerel" (Ref. 13442).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  reports of ciguatera poisoning
 Country info:   
 

 Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
 Modified by: Kesner-Reyes, Kathleen - 06.09.05
 Checked by: Agustin, Liza Q. - 24.03.94

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