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References using Epinephelus melanostigma
Ref No. Description Page
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
000559  Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino,1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). 130;pl.115
000592  Wass, R.C.,1984 An annotated checklist of the fishes of Samoa. Natl. Ocean. Atmos. Adminis. Tech. Rept., Natl. Mar. Fish. Serv., Spec. Sci. Rept. Fish. (781). 12
001602  Myers, R.F.,1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. 106-108
001830  Eschmeyer, W.N.,1990 Catalog of the genera of recent fishes. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA. 697 p.
002857  Herre, A.W.C.T. and A.F. Umali,1948 English and local common names of Philippine fishes. U. S. Dept. of Interior and Fish and Wildl. Serv. Circular No. 14, U. S. Gov't Printing Office, Washington. 128 p. 74,108
004319  Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall,1986 Serranidae. p. 509-537. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 528
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004787  Randall, J.E. and P.C. Heemstra,1991 Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (20):332 p.
004795  Bagnis, R., P. Mazellier, J. Bennett and E. Christian,1984 Poissons de Polynésie, 5th Edition. Société Nouvelle des Editions du Pacifique, Elysées, France.
004821  Bagnis, R., P. Mazellier, J. Bennett and E. Christian,1972 Fishes of Polynesia. Les Editions du Pacifique, Tahiti. 368 p.
005213  Fischer, W., I. Sousa, C. Silva, A. de Freitas, J.M. Poutiers, W. Schneider, T.C. Borges, J.P. Feral and A. Massinga,1990 Fichas FAO de identificaçao de espécies para actividades de pesca. Guia de campo das espécies comerciais marinhas e de águas salobras de Moçambique. Publicaçao preparada em collaboraçao com o Instituto de Investigaçao Pesquiera de Moçambique, com financiamento do Projecto PNUD/FAO MOZ/86/030 e de NORAD. Roma, FAO. 1990. 424 p. 203
005222  Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall,1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. 189;fig.355;pl.18c
005413  Randall, J.E.,1993 Pers. comm. see complete address under collaborator No. 50.
005515  Anonymous,1993 Computerized catalog of the fish collection. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California.
005978  Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. and P.J. Kailola,1984 Trawled fishes of southern Indonesia and northwestern Australia. Australian Development Assistance Bureau, Australia, Directorate General of Fishes, Indonesia, and German Agency for Technical Cooperation, Federal Republic of Germany. 407 p. 133,325
006192  Kailola, P.J.,1987 The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. II Scorpaenidae to Callionymidae. Research Bulletin No. 41, Research Section, Dept. of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Papua New Guinea. 230
006867  Talwar, P.K. and R.K. Kacker,1984 Commercial sea fishes of India. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta. 997 p. 392
007300  Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley,1989 Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. 496
009137  Masuda, H. and G.R. Allen,1993 Meeresfische der Welt - Groß-Indopazifische Region. Tetra Verlag, Herrenteich, Melle. 528 p. 116
009710  Lieske, E. and R. Myers,1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. 28.4
011071  Lobel, P.S.,1978 Gilbertese and Ellice Islander names for fishes and other organisms. Micronesica 14(2):177-197. 185
011104  Chang, K.-H., R.-Q. Jan and K.-T. Shao,1983 Community ecology of the marine fishes on Lutao Island, Taiwan. Bull. Inst. Zool. Academia Sinica 22(2):141-155. 151
011303  Randall, J.E. and C. Anderson,1993 Annotated checklist of the epipelagic and shore fishes of the Maldives Islands. Ichthyol. Bull. of the J.L.B. Smith Inst. of Ichthyol. (59):1-47. 14
013370  Hermes, R.,1993 Species composition of small-scale fish landings in Lae, Papua New Guinea. Naga ICLARM Q. 16(2&3):38. tab.1
013767  Randall, J.E.,1973 Tahitian fish names and a preliminary checklist of the fishes of the Society Islands. Occas. Pap. B. P. Bishop Mus. 24(11):167-214. 186
026066  Randall, J.E., H. Ida, K. Kato, R.L. Pyle and J.L. Earle,1997 Annotated checklist of inshore fishes of the Ogasawara Islands. Nat. Sci. Mus. Monogr. (11):1-74. 19
026067  Smith, A. and P. Dalzell,1991 Fisheries resources and management investigations in Woleai Atoll, Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. 46 p.
027307  Winterbottom, R. and R.C. Anderson,1997 A revised checklist of the epipelagic and shore fishes of the Chagos Archipelago, Central Indian Ocean. Ichthyol. Bull. Smith. Inst. (66):1-28. 7
028618  Randall, J.E.,1997 Randall's tank photos. Collection of 10,000 large-format photos (slides) of dead fishes. Unpublished.
031411  Ganaden, S.R. and F. Lavapie-Gonzales,1999 Common and local names of marine fishes of the Philippines. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Philippines. 385 p. 326
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031667  Anonymous,1998 Fish collection database of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum (BPBM). Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice Street, Honolulu, Hawai`I, 96817-0916 USA.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
033390  Fricke, R.,1999 Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Theses Zoologicae, Vol. 31:759 p. 193
034027  McCormack, G.,2000 Cook Islands biodiversity and natural heritage database. Sent by Gerald McCormack as RTF document in May 2000 for use in FishBase.
036648  Randall, J.E. and K.K.P. Lim (eds.),2000 A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. (8):569-667. 609
036670  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
037816  Myers, R.F.,1999 Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia, 3rd revised and expanded edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 330 p. 115
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
042419  Alcala, A.C. and T.F. Luchavez,1993 A comparison of species richness and abundace of food fishes in central Visayan and Sulu Sea coral reefs, Philippines. Silliman J. 36(2):69-76. 74
043515  Shao, K.-T., J.-P. Chen, P.-H. Kao and C.-Y. Wu,1993 Fish fauna and their geographical distribution along the western coast of Taiwan. Acata Zoologica Taiwanica 4(2):113-140. 131
045255  Kapoor, D., R. Dayal and A.G. Ponniah,2002 Fish biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources Lucknow, India.775 p. 395
046241  Anonymous,1996 Resource and ecological assessment of San Pedro Bay, Philippines Vol.5 The fisheries of San Pedro Bay, Philippines. Fishery Sector Program, U.P. Visayas Foundation, Inc. and Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography. IMFO Tech. Rep. No.16. 72
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
047567  Allen, G.R. and M. Adrim,2003 Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zool. Stud. 42(1):1-72. 31
047702  Kumaran, M. and S. Jones,1980 Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago. Kerala Mathrubhumi Press. 230
047843  Huang, Z.,2001 Marine species and their distribution in China's seas. p. 404-463. Vertebrata. Smithsonian Institution, Florida, USA. 598 p. 426
048497  Hardy, J.D. Jr. (comp.),2003 Coral reef fish species. NOAA\National Oceanographic Data Center. NODC Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. USA. 537 p. 134
048635  Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka,2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 1-302. 148;fig.A-B
054980  Randall, J.E.,2005 Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 720 p. 160
057683  Pereira, M.A.M.,2000 Preliminary checklist of reef-associated fishes of Mozambique. Maputo, Ministtry for the Coordination of Environmental Affairs (MICOA). 21 pp. 24
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
075154  Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen,2006 Fishes. In Beasley, O.L. and A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35.2 Australia: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, 1472 p. 1014
084356  Kronen, M., E. Tardy, P. Boblin, L. Chapman, F. Lasi, K. Pakoa, L. Vigliola, K. Friedman, F. Magron and S. Pinca,2006 Wallis and Futuna Country Report: Profiles and results from survey work at Vailala, Halalo, Leava and Vele. Secretariat of the Pacific Community. Pacific Regional Oceanic and Coastal Fisheries Development Programme (PROCFish/C/CoFish). Aug-Dec 2005 and Mar 2006. 224
087596  Rajan, P.T., C.R. Sreeraj and T. Immanuel,2011 Fish fauna of coral reef, mangrove, freshwater, offshore and seagrass beds of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Zoological Survey of India, Andaman and Nicobar Regional Centre, Haddo, Port Blair.
087813  Ono, R. and D.J. Addison,2009 Ethnoecology and Tokelauan fishing lore from Atafu Atoll, Tokelau. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 26: 3-22. 20
089707  Craig, M., YJ.S. de Mitcheson and P.C. Heemstra,2011 Groupers of the world: a field and market guide. North America: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group. 356 p. 188
089967  Taquet, M. and A. Diringer,1992 Mérous de l'Océan Indien. La Réunion: Azalées Editions. 103 p. 97; Photo
090102  Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann,2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. 276
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
097629  Wickel, J., A. Jamon, M. Pinault, P. Durville and P. Chabanet,2014 Composition et structure des peuplements ichtyologiques marins de l’île de Mayotte (sud-ouest de l’océan Indien). Cybium 38(3):179-203. 193
099878  Donaldson, T.J.,1996 Fishes of the remote Southwest Palau Islands: a zoogeographic perspective. Pac. Sci. 50(3):285-308. 298
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
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