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Larvae Information Summary for  Lobotes surinamensis
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Main Ref: Watson, W. 1996
Yolk-sac larvae
  max min mod Ref.
Length at birth (mm)        
Preanal L. % TL 70 60    
Place of development planktonic
Larval area Northeastern Pacific (California Current Region); Northwestern Pacific (Japan)
Yolk-sac       Ref:  
Yolk   Oil globules  
Rows on tail  
Other melanophores on tail  
Post larvae
Striking feature other
Striking shape lateral other dorsal  
Striking feature other
Shape of gut triangular
Gas bladder   early pigmented late pigmented
Spinal armature   early opercular spines only late  
Pigmentation early
Rows on tail ventral row
Other melanophores on tail no other melanophores
Melanophores on head + trunk melanophores on head + trunk
Pigmentation late
Rows on tail no rows
Other melanophores on tail no other melanophores
Melanophores on head + trunk melanophores on head + trunk
Urostyle region   early unpigmented late unpigmented
Peritoneum covered with melanophores
Pectorals normal with rows of melanophores
Pelvics strikingly large or elongated with melanophores
Prominent serrated supraoccipital crest; large preopercular spines; early forming, large, heavily pigmented pelvic fin; myomeres 11-13+11-13=24 (usually 12+12); preanal length about 60-70% BL; heavily pigmented in postflexion stage. Pigmentation: Preflexion-postflexion: Under hindbrain; encircling hindbrain anteriorly and pair over forebrain by about 2.9 mm; on preopercular margin at about 3.0 mm; on tips of jaws at about 4.9 mm; increasing on head, completely covering it by about 5.9 mm; on nape, increasing on head, completely covering it by about 5.9 mm; on nape, increasing and spreading caudad; laterally on myosepta between myomeres 8-17 beginning at about 4.0 mm, spreading to cover all but caudal peduncle by about 5.9 mm; dorsally on gas bladder and gut; along ventral margin of isthmus and gut; on pectoral fin base by 4.0 mm; heavy on pelvic fin after 4.0 mm; on spinous dorsal and anal fins between 5.0-5.9 mm, on soft rays between 5.9-6.9 mm; few along ventral margin of tail. Transformation: Heavily pigmented except little or none on end of caudal peduncle and on caudal fin rays, pectoral fin rays, distal 25-50% of dorsal and anal fin rays; barred pattern forms. Sequence of fin development: pelvic, principal caudal fin rays, dorsal and anal, pectoral, procurrent caudal fin rays.
Meristic characters
  max min mod Ref.
Total number of myomeres     24 41565
  L 1st feeding Ref. Months of presence of larvae    Ref. 
max     Jan Feb Mar Apr
min   May Jun Jul Aug
mod     Sep Oct Nov Dec
Water parameters     Metric characters
Entered by: Luna,Susan M. - 02.04.02
Modified by: Luna,Susan M. - 26.03.03
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