Larvae Information Summary for  Sparus aurata
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Main Ref: Bertolini, F., U. D'Ancona, E. Padoa Montalenti, S. Ranzi, L. Sanzo, A. Sparta, E. Tortonese and M. Vialli 1956
Yolk-sac larvae
  max min mod Ref.
Length at birth (mm) 3.1   2.5 80
Preanal L. % TL     52.2 80
Place of development planktonic
Larval area to be filled
Yolk-sac ovoid     Ref: 80
Yolk unsegmented Oil globules one oil globuleposteriorcentral
Rows on tail  
Other melanophores on tail one dorso-ventral cluster or band
Melanophores on head + trunk melanophores on head + trunk
Post larvae
Striking feature none
Striking shape lateral normal (not striking) dorsal normal (not striking)
Striking feature none
Shape of gut triangular
Gas bladder   early pigmented late pigmented
Spinal armature   early   late  
Pigmentation early
Rows on tail dorsal + ventral row
Other melanophores on tail two dorso-ventral clusters or bands
Melanophores on head + trunk melanophores on head + trunk
Rows on tail ventral + lateral row
Other melanophores on tail no other melanophores
Melanophores on head + trunk melanophores on head + trunk
Peritoneum covered with melanophores
Pectorals normal  
Pelvics normal (i.e. small or absent)  
Meristic characters
  max min mod Ref.
Total number of vertebrae     24  
  L 1st feeding Ref. Months of presence of larvae
max     Jan Feb Mar Apr
min   May Jun Jul Aug
mod 3.7 250 Sep Oct Nov Dec
Water parameters     Metric characters
Entered by: Papasissi,Christine - 29.10.90
Modified by: Luna,Susan M. - 09.01.08
Checked by: Giovanardi,Otello - 15.02.91
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