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Phalloceros reisi  Lucinda, 2008

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Phalloceros reisi
Male picture by Lucinda, P.H.F.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Phalloceros: Greek, phallos = penis + Greek, keras = horn (Ref. 45335);  reisi: Named for Roberto E. Reis, in recognition of his many contributions to Neotropical ichthyology.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: headwaters of rio Tietê, rio Paraíba do Sul, rio Ribeira de Iguape, and small coastal drainages in São Paulo, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76852); 5.0 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-9; Anal soft rays: 9 - 11; Vertebrae: 31 - 32. Diagnosed by the following combination of characters: female urogenital papilla curved to the right, located laterally; border of the anal aperture in contact with the first anal-fin ray or very close to it; absence of the right hook and presence of the left one; gonopodial appendix asymmetrical, its halves different from each other, right half wider than left one; absence of a caudal peduncle spot; presence of a wide and square-shaped lateral spot in large specimens; rectangular tip of hook on left half of gonopodial appendix; lateral spot in adult females very narrow, forming a vertically elongated bar covering up to the length corresponding to two scales length in horizontal direction and 2-4 scales in vertical direction; background coloration light brown or yellow; and margin of scales on prepelvic region not visible, not bordered by dark chromatophores, forming a light, plain yellow region; and lateral spot absent or small and discrete not covering one or two scales in horizontal or vertical directions (Ref. 76852).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lucinda, P.H.F., 2008. Systematics and biogeography of the genus Phalloceros Eigenmann, 1907 (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae), with the description of twenty-one new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(2):113-158. (Ref. 76852)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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