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Coryphaena hippurus  Linnaeus, 1758

Common dolphinfish
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Coryphaena hippurus
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Coryphaenidae (Dolphinfishes)
Etymology: Coryphaena: Greek, koryphaina = dolphin fish (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 85 m (Ref. 13608), usually 5 - 10 m (Ref. 40849).    21°C - 30°C (Ref. 26), preferred 28°C (Ref. 107945); 47°N - 38°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 54341)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: in tropical and subtropical waters. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 55.8, range 35 - 93.1 cm
Max length : 210 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9846); common length : 100.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 3390); 最大體重: 40.0 kg (Ref. 30874); 最大年齡: 4 年 (Ref. 2885)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 58-66; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 25 - 31; 脊椎骨: 31. Greatest body depth in adults less than 25% of standard length; tooth patch on tongue small and oval; single dorsal fin extending from above eye almost to caudal fin with 58-66 rays; a concave anal fin extending from anus almost to caudal fin; pectoral fin more than half of head length (Ref. 10948). Caudal vertebrae usually 18 (Ref. 10998). Mature males posses a prominent bony crest in front of the head. The color is striking with golden hues on the sides, metallic blues and greens on the back and sides, with white and yellow on the underparts. Small specimens have pronounced vertical bars on the sides of the body.

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are found in open waters but also near the coast (Ref. 9293, 11230). Form schools. Feed on almost all forms of fish and zooplankton; also takes crustaceans and squid (Ref. 2850). Sexual maturity is reached in 4-5 months (3 for captive fish) (Ref. 11441). Spawn in the open sea and probably approximate to the coast when water temperature rises (Ref. 9293). Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6755). Attracting devices such as floating bundles of bamboo reeds or cork planks are used to concentrate dolphin fish before the nets are set. Marketed frozen (Ref. 9987) and fresh and is of high value (Ref. 9293).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

In East African waters, spawning season may last from March to early June and spawning occurs inshore. In the western Pacific, sex ratios were about equal during spawning season. Spawning in the western Atlantic occurs over an extended period of time. Spawn naturally in captivity without artificial inducement (Ref. 41779).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Palko, B.J., G.L. Beardsley and W.J. Richards, 1982. Synopsis of the biological data on dolphin-fishes, Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus and Coryphaena equiselis Linnaeus. FAO Fish. Synop. (130); NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circ. (443). (Ref. 26)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  (Ref. 30911)




人類使用

漁業: 高經濟性; 養殖: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的
FAO(漁業: 產生, 魚種描繪; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周邊海洋

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