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Grammatorcynus bilineatus  (Rüppell, 1836)

Double-lined mackerel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Grammatorcynus bilineatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Grammatorcynus bilineatus (Double-lined mackerel)
Grammatorcynus bilineatus
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Grammatorcynus: Greek, gramma = signal, mark + Greek, rhyngchos = snout.

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 15 - 50 m (Ref. 86942).    , preferred ?; 31°N - 25°S, 32°E - 175°W (Ref. 168)

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Indian Ocean: Red Sea eastward to the Andaman Sea. Western Pacific: Ryukyu Islands to the northern coasts of Australia, including the Marshall Islands and Fiji. Often confused in the literature with Grammatorcynus bicarinatus.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 40 - 43 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm FL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9684); common length : 50.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 5450); 最大體重: 3.5 kg (Ref. 168)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 11 - 13; 背的軟條 (總數): 10-14; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 10 - 14. Mouth relatively small, upper jaw reaching about to middle of eye. Pectoral fins stout. Interpelvic process short and single. No prominent anterior corselet present. Swim bladder present. Vertebrae 14 precaudal plus 17 caudal, total 31 as in mackerel (Scomber and Rastrelliger).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits open water but often seen swimming near outer reef walls or deep clear-water slopes (Ref. 48637). Found mostly in shallow reef waters where it forms large schools. Feeds on crustaceans and fishes, particularly clupeoids (Sardinella and Thrissocles), but also other fishes such as Sphyraena and Balistes. Marketed canned and frozen (Ref. 9684). Its flesh is mild and pleasantly flavored, but brushed with lemon juice prior to cooking to remove the ammonia-like smell (Ref. 9684).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Collette, Bruce B. | 合作者

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

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