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Psettodes erumei  (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Indian halibut
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Psettodes erumei
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Psettodidae (Psettodids)
Etymology: Psettodes: Greek, psetta = grouper + Greek, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的; 深度上下限 1 - 100 m (Ref. 9792), usually 20 - 50 m (Ref. 9792).    , preferred 28°C (Ref. 107945); 26°N - 21°S, 43°E - 156°E (Ref. 54739)

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Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Japan and Australia.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 37 - 39 cm
Max length : 64.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 6006); common length : 50.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 5450); 最大體重: 9.0 kg (Ref. 1468)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 9 - 11; 背的軟條 (總數): 38-45; 臀棘 1; 臀鰭軟條: 33 - 43; 脊椎骨: 23 - 25. Body oval and flat, but thicker than in most other flatfishes. Mouth large with strong teeth; maxillary extends well beyond hind edge of lower eye; both eyes on left or right side; upper eye lying immediately below dorsal edge; gill rakers not developed. Dorsal fin origin well posterior to eyes; anterior fin rays spinous; lateral line almost straight. Color usually brown or grey, sometimes with 4 broad, dark crossbars. Dorsal, anal and caudal fin tips black. Blind side occasionally partially colored. (Other sources of morphological data: Refs. 591, 529, 4416, 5997 and 6000).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 9796, 48637). Usually deeply burried in the substrate during the day, but out and hunting at night (Ref. 48637). Often swims in an upright position (Ref. 9796). Mainly piscivorous (Ref. 5986). Mainly sold fresh (Ref. 5213); also utilized smoked and frozen (Ref. 9987). Processed into fish flour (Ref. 6040).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Studies in Porto Novo, India (Refs. 5993 & 5997) show that the sex ratio significantly differ from 1:1, but the reports are ambiguous as to which sex predominates.

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Amaoka, Kunio | 合作者

Nielsen, J.G., 1984. Psettodidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 3. (Ref. 3485)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

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人類使用

漁業: 商業性
FAO(漁業: 產生, 魚種描繪; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周邊海洋

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